A permanent wave, commonly called a perm or “permanent”, involves the use of chemicals to break and reform the bonds of the hair. The hair is wrapped on a perm rod and waving lotion is applied. This solution creates a chemical reaction that softens the inner structure of the hair by breaking some of the cross links within and between the protein chains of the hair. The hair swells, stretches and softens, then molds around the shape of the perm rod. The hair is then rinsed and a Neutralizing solution applied to stop the process and lock it in to position.
Caring for your New Perm
The Life of your new perm depends on the original quality, the length of your hair & how you care for it.
It is important not to wash your new perm for 72hrs. It takes this long for the hair to solidify into its new curl.
The average time you can expect your perm to last is approximately 3-6 months, at which time the hair has grown out about 1.5”-3.0”
If your timing is right, you may be able to refresh the look of your perm by just reperming the top, to blend, (if your hair is long enough) Avoiding reperming the ends. Usually this is done at about 3mo.
It is important to use good quality products on your hair.
You will want to use a Sulfate Free Moisturizing one with a PH of 4.5-5.5
High PH & Sulfates will breakdown your perm.
Using a good Moisturizer that goes deep into the hair shaft will keep the elasticity of the hair which gives it the bounce.
Depending on what feel you like, styling products will hold your curls in a nice form.
Mouse, Soft Hold Gel, or a Curl Enhancing Cream work best to manage the look. You may if you have coarse hair like to add a Treatment Oil before your styling product for shine and manageability.